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Generic Name
Trade Name
Drug Image
Risk Category
  • Studies on animals show adverse effect and toxicity on fetus.
  • No adequate and well controlled studies done on pregnant women.
  • Drugs should be given only if the potential benefit outweighs the potential risk to the fetus.
FDA Pregnancy Risk Categories

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  • anti-infective.
  • Quinolone.
  • Fetal Risk
    Fetal Risk
  • Causes cartilage lesions of weight-bearing joints of animals exposed in utero.
  • No well-controlled human data but suggested possible association between use of the drug in the first trimester and congenital malformations including spina bifida, limb defects, hypospadia, inguinal hernia, eye/ear defects, heart and skeleton defects and teeth discoloration.
  • Reported higher rate of cesarean section for fetal distress in the pregnancies exposed to fluoroquinolones and their babies were heavier.
  • Breast Feeding
    Breast Feeding
  • Exposure to quinolones with excessive sunlight causes phototoxicity and well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the skin in animals, but ciprofloxacin was not studied.
  • Excreted into milk.
  • Limited human data and unknown adverse effects but should be avoided for potential cartilage damage and teeth discoloration in infants exposed.
  • Other Trade Names
    The information on this Web site is not intended as a substitute for the advice and care of your doctor or other health-care provider. Always consult your doctor if you have any questions about exposures during pregnancy and lactation, and before you take any medications. Please read the Terms and Conditions before using this website.
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